1. Imagination and creativity
Children must show creativity and leave it up to their imagination to nd ways to stay busy and keep boredom at bay. The same item can be re-purposed in many ways : a piece of wood or plastic container can have all kinds of different uses.
2. Control of emotions
Children who play games not structured by adults learn to build a community together, to work with other people. They learn a range of behaviours that will serve them their entire life : negotiating, convincing, teaming up, helping one another and sharing.
3. Autonomy and problem-solving
By repeating certain learning, children master the teachings with increasingly efficacy and develop their abilities to accomplish a range of actions by themselves.
All the learning completed through free play helps raise self-esteem, a pillar of mental and emotional health. The freedom allows children to take initiative and to feel in control of their environment. This is how they build confidence in themselves.